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September 2018
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Wednesday, 08 August 2018 16:30

5 countries to gather in Aktau Featured

5 countries to gather in Aktau

The convention of the Caspian Sea status is planned to be signed on August 12, Caspian Energy News (www.caspianenergy.net) reports. 

Negotiations over the Caspian status have been held for 25 years. Construction of underwater facilities only with the permission of all five Caspian countries, as well as coordinates used in division of the Caspian Sea bottom, is the major issue which is likely to be brought outside the Convention this time again. Issues concerning the security, preservation of the biological diversity, delimitation of water surface and water column have been agreed so far.

It bears reminding that the Framework convention about the protection of the marine environment of the Caspian Sea came into force in August 2007. Then, protocols to this convention about a regional readiness, response and cooperation in case of incidents causing oil pollution, about protection of the Caspian Sea from pollution coming from onshore sources and land-based activities, about preservation of the biological diversity, were signed.

Tehran summit took place in October 2007.

According to the agreements reached there, only the vessels sailing under the flags of Caspian states get a right for navigation in the Caspian Sea and only five countries having access to the Caspian Sea can take part in the negotiations about the Caspian Sea status. Apart from this, a decision about conduction of the meetings of the heads of the Caspian states on an annual basis was made at the summit.

One of the key issues concerning the settlement of the legal status of the Caspian Sea was solved at the third summit hosted in Baku in 2010: the width of the “national zone” was set at 24 miles. Apart from this, the parties agreed to develop final principles of delimitation of the Caspian Sea by the following year (2011).

The fourth summit hosted in Astrakhan in September 2015 turned out path-breaking. Anyway, this is the way the leaders of Kazakhstan and Russia described its results. The leaders of 5 Caspian states agreed about principles of the national sovereignty of each country over a coastal marine space within 15 miles and 10 more “fishing” miles.

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