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Friday, 20 November 2015 17:30

World needs nuclear energy to cut GHG emissions

According to a new position paper by Nuclear for Climate, which has been published today (November 20), a significant expansion of nuclear energy is necessary for the world to achieve an 80 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, Caspian Energy News (www.caspianenergy.net) reports with reference to the press release of Nuclear for Climate, a global initiative supported by more than 140 regional and national nuclear associations and technical societies.

The position paper, entitled “Nuclear is part of the solution for fighting climate change” urges negotiators at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP21) to develop an achievable agreement for the reduction of greenhouse gasses which ensures the right of countries to choose nuclear energy in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while meeting their energy and development objectives.

“Nuclear energy is a proven low-carbon energy technology that makes a profound contribution to preventing greenhouses gases today and will be vital to meeting any agreement reached in Paris,” said Eugene Grecheck, president of the American Nuclear Society (ANS). “Multiple studies have shown that a significant expansion of nuclear energy is needed to achieve an 80 percent reduction in emissions by 2050. The COP21 agreement should reflect this research and support developing nations wishing to make nuclear part of their energy/climate strategy.”

Globally, 438 reactors generate around 11 percent of the world's electricity, with almost no greenhouse gas emissions. In the European Union, nuclear energy accounts for more than half of all low-carbon electricity. In the United States, it accounts for 63 percent of all low-carbon electricity.

Going forward, developed and developing countries alike will expand nuclear energy as part of their transition to a lower carbon electrical grid. For example, China is expected to account for one-third of the world’s installed nuclear energy capacity by 2050 to meet its energy and climate change goals.

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